Punk music is characterized by its raw, energetic, and rebellious nature. Emerging in the mid-1970s, it’s known for its short, fast-paced songs, simple chord structures, and direct, often politically charged lyrics. Punk embraces a do-it-yourself ethos, challenging mainstream norms, and advocating for individuality and social change. Bands like The Ramones, Sex Pistols, and The Clash are iconic figures in the punk movement.

Ska music originated in Jamaica in the 1950s, blending Caribbean rhythms with elements of jazz, R&B, and mento music. It’s recognized for its upbeat tempo, prominent horn sections, and offbeat guitar rhythms. Ska is a danceable genre with a lively and infectious sound. Over time, it’s evolved into various subgenres, including two-tone ska and ska punk. Artists like The Skatalites, The Specials, and Madness have played significant roles in ska’s development and popularity.