Hip Hop emerged in the 1970s in New York City, blending elements of DJing, MCing, graffiti art, and breakdancing. It became a cultural movement and musical genre characterized by rhythmic beats, spoken lyrics, and sampling. It evolved over time, showcasing diverse styles and subgenres, from old-school rap to modern trap and conscious hip hop, with artists like Grandmaster Flash, Tupac, Notorious B.I.G., Jay-Z, and Kendrick Lamar.

R&B, R’n’B or rhythm and blues, originated in the 1940s and evolved from African-American musical styles. It encompasses soulful vocals, rhythmic beats, and bluesy elements. Over the years, it’s undergone changes, giving rise to subgenres like contemporary R&B, funk, and neo-soul. Artists such as Aretha Franklin, Marvin Gaye, Beyonc√©, Alicia Keys, and Frank Ocean have shaped and defined R&B across different eras.